Mexico officially known as the United Mexican States is a federal republic located in North America. The country is bordered by the United States to the north; Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea to the southeast, the Gulf of Mexico to the east and by the Pacific Ocean to the west and south. It covers about two million square kilometers of land, making it the thirteenth largest and eleventh most populated country in the world.

The Mexican terrain with its contrasting topography is unlike any other country. It offers a display of deserts in the north, giving way to highlands and mountains, finally leading to tropical rainforests and beaches towards the south. Its highest point, the Pico de Orizaba volcano is 5636 meters high, while its lowest point, the Laguna Salada is 10 meters deep.